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Vintage Kilim Rugs
29 Oct / 2016

Vintage Kilim Rugs

Write By: nomaAdmin Published In: What is Hits: 66 Comment: 0

Although in several publications on the subject, dates have been assigned to the various specimens, it is actually extremely difficult to date old kilims.

   The colors and motifs displayed in these kilims, together with the designs they compose, have been handed down from one generation to the next. Although carpets and other works of art can generally be assigned particular period on the basis of their style and design , this can rarely be done in the case of kilims. Any information of this type that can be gleaned from research and investigation can usually only be applied to the groups of kilims actually researched. Every group forms a discrete whole, and must not, on any account, be confused with any other. Dating is normally based on the formal characteristics of the kilim and the amount of wear it displays , but differences in form can often be found in kilims of the same age and the same provenance. The degree of skill possessed by the weaver, the varying thickness of the thread, the taste and harmony displayed in the application or traditional colors and design, can all produce considerable differences between kilims of the same age and type.

    It is because of this that criteria normally applied in the case of other artifacts cannot be employed in dating kilims. Archaic motifs typical of old pieces can be found alongside typically decadent forms, and it is obvious that a kilim near the entrance door of a mosque will more quickly than one in a remote corner of the building. The wear suffered by a kilim in a private dwelling depends entirely on the way it used, with the result that the amount of wear displayed cannot be accepted as a reliable criterion in dating the piece. Chemical dyes were first introduced into Anatolia about a century ago. One might therefore conclude that a kilim with chemical dyes cannot be more than a century old, but no such conclusıon can be drawn regarding the date of kilims with natural dyes, as there are some communities in which these continue to be used. In short , there are no reliable comparative criteria that can be used in dating a kilim.

   The expressive power of a kilim in in no way connected with its age. Kilims woven in communities whose traditional way of life is at its highest point represent the most remarkable specimens of the Anatolian art of the kilim. Thus the finest kilims woven by the various communities may belong to quite different periods.

   We have therefore decided on a principle that in the catalogue section, no dates should be assigned to any of the kilims or other flat-woven fabrics, apart from a few specimens that are actually dated or the dates of which are definitely known.

Vintage Kilim Rugs
10 Sep / 2016

Vintage Kilim Rugs

Write By: nomaAdmin Published In: Turkish Rugs Hits: 72 Comment: 0

Kilim Rugs as Donations

   Unlike commodities such as carpets, which possess a definite exchange value and are manufactured for export to countries overseas, kilims and other flat weaves are produced solely to meet the need of the weavers and their families in their everyday life. The various types of flat-woven fabrics constitute a genuine expression of folk art that has continued quite unaffected by commercial factors until recent times.

   Unfortunately, they have never been regarded as something of intrinsic value that should be carefully cared for and preserved. Thus, the widespread Ottoman tradition of presenting carpets and kilims for use in mosques is a factor of great importance for any study of the art of the kilim.

   Kilims and flat weave fabrics can be divided into three categories:

   Kilims of a size suitable for use as prayer-rugs, or ones displaying oil-lamp or mihrab motifs.

   Large or medium-size kilims with stripes and an overall design and suitable for all types of use.

   Very large kilims composed of one or several pieces, displaying the distinctive colors and motifs of             the communities in which they were woven.

   The kilims presented to the mosques mainly belong to these three categories, prayer-rugs and kilims for general use being rarely found in mosques.

   The number of kilims presented to the mosques by the members of the various clans and communities varied in proportion to the length of time a group had been settled in that particular district. It is thus to possible to find in a single mosque, various types of kilims presented by different tribes and clans. The largest number of kilims belong to the largest of the groups , or to the group which had been settled there for the longest period. Kilim types found in smaller numbers probably belonged either to smaller groups or to groups living at some distance from the mosque who would have normally made their donations to a mosque in their own neighborhood . In remote areas one can find quite a few mosques containing only one single of type kilim, which with indicate that the village was inhabited by only one tribe and that no other tribe was to be found in the neighborhood.

   In some mosques, the floor may be covered with several layers of carpets and kilims, those on the top layer being the most recent donations. Usually those responsible for the mosque will have some information on the donations made in the last sixty or eighty years, and the older inhabitants of the neighborhood will generally remember which kilims were donated by their own families. Some will even remember where in the mosque their family’s carpets and kilims are to be found, and in what layer. As a result , it is sometimes possible to trace the history of a kilim back six or seven generations, in other words, 120 to 150 years.

   In village houses, on the other hand, the kilims rarely date back more than two or three generations. Flat weaves are still objects of everyday use in the villages and nomadic settlements, and thus tend to wear out very quickly. But in Wealthier families in the towns, the kilims are regarded as heirlooms, and are brought out from the chests in which they are preserved only on special days, such as weddings or funerals. Such pieces may be very old indeed.

   Present-day Kilims and Flat weaves
19 Aug / 2016

Present-day Kilims and Flat weaves

Write By: nomaAdmin Published In: ROOT Hits: 72 Comment: 0

   The number of kilims on the market has increased only in the last twenty years. The kilim, formerly woven solely to meet the needs of family or the community, is now becoming more and more a marketable commodity. One reason for this is the rise in the demand, another is the change that has taken place in the houses occupied, by the tribes and clans and in the habits of their members.

   Today, most of the old groups have disintegrated, and the economic and political structures that have developed in the last fifty years have slowly but surely changed the old social customs. The transformation firs appeared in regions with good communications, and it is steel possible to find the old way of life in several remote districts Anatolia. Thus in recent times we have begun to find a number of kilim types previously quite unknown. Such kilims are the work either of groups that had formerly refused to sell their products, or of groups living in areas too remote for the merchants to penetrate. But changes in the community to which the weavers belong are inevitably accompanied by a loss in the intrinsic significance of the kilim. The use of chemical dyes and a coarser type of wool has also led to an obvious deterioration in color, form and expression.

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